Trout love cool, clear water saturated with oxygen. They seem to feel at home in fast currents as well as in the still water of lakes and. In shallow water they will keep to shady hideaways. The native brown trout lives in brooks, rivers and lakes, where it ist also found in the variaty of the lake trout ( ferox trout). The sea trout on the other hand lives in the ocean and comes to freshwater onlxy for spawning. These trout all belong to the same species and there are a lot of regional forms which differ in coloration, behaviour and even anatomy. Variants even exist in one body of water not counting influences by artificial stocking measures. The american rainbow trout is very similar in behaviour to our brown trout and there is also a form living in the sea called steelhead. It does like sligthly warmer water and needs less cover in brooks. Chars are closely related to trout, the canadian lake trout is one of them.
Trout are extraordinary fast and enduring swimmers. In a river they will hold in protected areas with a calm to strong but not torrid current, rarely though will they stay at the exact same place over days. They prefer shady and deeper places, especially the bigger ones. Sometimes you will see them roaming about, in still water (back waters, lakes, sea) they seem to be constantly on the move.
In flowing water you will soon know if there are trout around, because they
like to follow the lure and nibble at it, so searching
is the right strategy. Often enough large stretches can be like dead and staying
in one place and excessively changing lures would be a complete waste of time.
In still water on the other hand waiting
can be an alternative, especially if you know or recognize good places. In small
streams, which can be easily covered, the populations tend to suffer under the
fishing pressure and then you will catch mostly fish near bag size and often
smaller. under these circumstances you should release most of the fish you
catch, especially if you want to catch a big one every now and then.
Spinner preferably with willow leaf or other sleek blades (Comet, Aglia
Long, Roostertail, Vibrax,
Panther Martin )
in natural colours, shiny is good or a lot of black, when the water is stained
or in low light bright colours like orange and yellow can also be effective. A
fly on the hook is never wrong. Medium sizes (Mepps 2-3) are best, smaller ones
will catch you to many small fish. In Spring, when the water is high and turbid
and in dusk or down I will choose larger models. In Summer when the water is low
and clear I prefer smaller models and if they catch too much small fish I will
For trout you need light to medium tackle. For big fish or a strong current it shouldn't be all too light. A heavy trout rod can also be used as a light or even medium pike rod. If the water is clear a fluorocarbon leader of c. 0,5 m to 1,5 m length is a good idea. Sometimes I will then even tie the lure directly to the leader to achieve a more inconspicious presentation. When wading a small stream, a short rod which can be quite light is the most comfortable option.